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Archived from the original on January 11, Archived from the original on November 25, Retrieved November 24, It's supported on ARM, x86, and MIPS architectures and is fully bit compatible. April 16, Archived from the original on November 27, Retrieved August 23, Archived from the original on November 16, International Data Group. Archived from the original on January 24, Archived from the original on October 10, Retrieved November 15, NVIDIA Developer. February 10, Retrieved March 21, Vulkan 1. January 21, Android Go Comparison of products. Android Runtime ART Software development kit SDK Android Debug Bridge ADB Fastboot Android App Bundle Android application package APK Bionic Dalvik Firebase Google Cloud Messaging GCM Firebase Cloud Messaging FCM Google Mobile Services GMS Native development kit NDK Open accessory development kit OADK RenderScript Skia AdMob Material Design Fonts Droid Roboto Noto Google Developers.
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Alphabet Inc. History List of Android apps List of Easter eggs April Fools' Day List of mergers and acquisitions. Ads AI Brain Android booting process recovery mode software development version history China Goojje Chrome Cloud Glass Google. org Crisis Response Public Alerts RechargeIT Health Maps Pixel Search Timeline Sidewalk Labs Stadia Sustainability YouTube History " Me at the zoo " Social impact YouTuber. Krishna Bharat Vint Cerf Jeff Dean John Doerr Sanjay Ghemawat Al Gore John L. Hennessy Urs Hölzle Salar Kamangar Ray Kurzweil Ann Mather Alan Mulally Sundar Pichai CEO Ruth Porat CFO Rajen Sheth Hal Varian Susan Wojcicki. Andy Bechtolsheim Sergey Brin Founder David Cheriton Matt Cutts David Drummond Alan Eustace Timnit Gebru Omid Kordestani Paul Otellini Larry Page Founder Patrick Pichette Eric Schmidt Ram Shriram Amit Singhal Shirley M.
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AAB APK AV1 On2 Technologies VP3 VP6 VP8 libvpx VP9 WebM WebP WOFF2. Currents Green Throttle Games Owlchemy Labs Oyster PaperofRecord. com Podcasts Quick, Draw! Santa Tracker Songza Stadia Games Typhoon Studios TV Vevo Video. Books Games most downloaded apps Music Newsstand Pass Services. BandPage Content ID FameBit Instant Kids Music Official channel Preferred Premium original programming YouTube Rewind RightsFlow Shorts TV. Aardvark Alerts Answers Base BeatThatQuote. com Blog Search Books Ngram Viewer Code Search Data Commons Dataset Search Dictionary Directory Fast Flip Flu Trends Finance Goggles Google. by Images Image Labeler Image Swirl Kaltix Knowledge Graph Freebase Metaweb Like. com News Archive Weather Patents People Cards Personalized Search Public Data Explorer Questions and Answers SafeSearch Scholar Searchwiki Shopping Catalogs Express Squared Tenor Travel Flights Trends Insights for Search Voice Search WDYL. Earth Endoxon ImageAmerica Maps Latitude Map Maker Navigation Pin Street View Coverage Trusted Waze.
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Google Feud Google Me film "Google Me" Kim Zolciak song "Google Me" Teyana Taylor song Is Google Making Us Stupid? Proceratium google Matt Nathanson: Live at Google The Billion Dollar Code The Internship Where on Google Earth is Carmen Sandiego? elgooG g. google Pimp My Search Predictions of the end Relationship with Wikipedia Sensorvault Stanford Digital Library Project. Italics indicate discontinued products or services. Categories : Android operating system Google operating systems Lists of operating systems Mobile operating systems Software version histories Smartphones Tablet operating systems. Hidden categories: CS1 maint: unfit URL Articles with short description Short description is different from Wikidata Wikipedia indefinitely semi-protected pages Use mdy dates from March All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from February Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in.
Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read View source View history. Main page Contents Current events Random article About Wikipedia Contact us Donate. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. What links here Related changes Upload file Special pages Permanent link Page information Cite this page Wikidata item. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons. العربية বাংলা Bân-lâm-gú Català Čeština Dansk Deutsch Eesti Ελληνικά Español فارسی Français 한국어 हिन्दी Hrvatski Bahasa Indonesia Italiano Magyar മലയാളം मराठी მარგალური Bahasa Melayu 日本語 Polski Português Română Русский Suomi Svenska தமிழ் ไทย Українська Tiếng Việt 中文 Edit links. Old version, no longer maintained: 1. Old version, no longer maintained: 2. January 11, . Android Gingerbread. Old version, no longer maintained: 3. Android Ice Cream Sandwich. Old version, no longer maintained: 4. Android Jelly Bean. Old version, no longer maintained: 5. November 4, . March 2, . Old version, no longer maintained: 6.
October 2, . Old version, no longer maintained: 7. Old version, no longer maintained: 8. Pistachio Ice Cream . Old version, no longer maintained: 9. Quince Tart . Older version, yet still maintained: Red Velvet Cake . Current stable version: Upside Down Cake . Future release: Legend: Old version Older version, still maintained Latest version Latest preview version Future release. Android Market , allowing application downloads and updates through the Market application. Web browser to show, zoom and pan full HTML and XHTML web pages — multiple pages show as windows "cards".
Google Contacts synchronization with the People application. Google Calendar synchronization with the Calendar application. Google Maps with Street View to view maps and satellite imagery, as well as find local businesses and obtain driving directions using GPS. Google Search , allowing users to search the Internet and phone applications, contacts, calendar, etc. Google Talk instant messaging. Instant messaging , text messaging , and MMS. Media Player , enabling management, importing, and playback of media files — however, this version lacked video and stereo Bluetooth support. YouTube video player.
Wi-Fi and Bluetooth support. Details and reviews available when a user searches for businesses on Maps. Ability to save attachments in messages. Support added for marquee in system layouts. April 27, . Support for third-party virtual keyboards with text prediction and a user dictionary for custom words. Support for Widgets — miniature application views that can be embedded in other applications such as the Home screen and receive periodic updates. Auto-pairing and stereo support for Bluetooth A2DP and AVRCP profiles. Copy and paste features in web browser.
User pictures shown for Favorites in Contacts. Animated screen transitions. Auto-rotation option. New stock boot animation. Ability to upload videos to YouTube. Ability to upload photos to Picasa. Ability to check phone usage history. September 15, . Voice and text entry search enhanced to include bookmark history, contacts, and the web. Ability for developers to include their content in search results. Multi-lingual speech synthesis engine to allow any Android application to "speak" a string of text. Easier searching and the ability to view app screenshots in Android Market. Gallery, Camera and camcorder more fully integrated, with faster camera access. Ability for users to select multiple photos for deletion.
Support for WVGA screen resolutions. Speed improvements in searching and camera applications. Expanded Gesture framework and a new GestureBuilder development tool. October 27, . Expanded Account sync, allowing users to add multiple accounts to a device for synchronization of an email and contacts. Microsoft Exchange email support, with a combined inbox to browse an email from multiple accounts in one page. Bluetooth 2. Ability to tap a Contacts photo and select to call, SMS, or email the person. Ability to search all saved SMS and MMS messages, with the added ability to delete the oldest messages in a conversation automatically deleted when a defined limit is reached. Numerous new camera features, including flash support, digital zoom, scene mode, white balance, color effect and macro focus. Improved typing speed on a virtual keyboard, with a smarter dictionary that learns from word usage and includes contact names as suggestions.
Refreshed browser UI with bookmark thumbnails, double-tap zoom and support for HTML5. Calendar agenda view enhanced, showing attending status for each invitee, and the ability to invite new guests to events. Optimized hardware speed and revamped UI. Support for more screen sizes and resolutions, with better contrast ratio. Improved Google Maps 3. MotionEvent class enhanced to track multi-touch events. December 3, . January 11,  . Android 2. Speed, memory, and performance optimizations. Support for the Android Cloud to Device Messaging C2DM service, enabling push notifications. Improved Microsoft Exchange support, including security policies, auto-discovery, GAL look-up, calendar synchronization and remote wipe. USB tethering and Wi-Fi hotspot functionality  Option to disable data access over a mobile network.
Updated Market application with batch and automatic update features. Support for Bluetooth -enabled car and desk docks. Support for numeric and alphanumeric passwords. Support for file upload fields in the Browser application. Support for installing applications to expandable memory. Adobe Flash support. September 27, . January 21, . Minor bug fixes, including SMS routing issues that affected the Nexus One. November 21, . December 6, . Updated user interface design with increased simplicity and speed. Support for extra-large screen sizes and resolutions WXGA and higher. Faster, more intuitive text input on a virtual keyboard, with improved accuracy, better suggested text and voice input mode. Support for Near Field Communication NFC , allowing the user to read an NFC tag embedded in a poster, sticker, or advertisement. New audio effects such as reverb, equalization, headphone virtualization, and bass boost. New Download Manager , giving users easy access to any file downloaded from the browser, email, or another application.
Support for multiple cameras on the device, including a front-facing camera, if available. Improved power management with a more active role in managing applications that are keeping the device awake for too long. Enhanced support for native code development. Switched from YAFFS to ext4 on newer devices. Concurrent garbage collection for increased performance. Native support for more sensors such as gyroscopes and barometers. First Android version to feature an Easter egg. It was an image of the Bugdroid standing next to a zombie gingerbread man, with many more zombies in the background. December 22, . January 21, . February 9, . Several improvements and API fixes. April 28, . Support for voice or video chat using Google Talk. Open Accessory was introduced in 3. July 25, . Improved network performance for the Nexus S 4G, among other fixes and improvements. Fixed a Bluetooth bug on Samsung Galaxy S. Fixed a Wi-Fi crash on Samsung Galaxy S Plus. Improved the Gmail application.
Shadow animations for list scrolling. Camera software enhancements. September 2, . Fixed a voice search bug. Google Wallet support for the Nexus S 4G. February 22, . Added System Bar, featuring quick access to notifications, status, and soft navigation buttons, available at the bottom of the screen. Added the Action Bar, giving access to contextual options, navigation, widgets, or other types of content at the top of the screen. Simplified multitasking — tapping Recent Applications in the System Bar allows users to see snapshots of the tasks underway and quickly jump from one application to another. Quick access to camera exposure, focus, flash, zoom, front-facing camera, time-lapse, and other camera features.
Ability to view albums and other collections in full-screen mode in Gallery, with easy access to thumbnails for other photos. New two-pane Contacts UI and Fast Scroll to let users easily organize and locate contacts. New two-pane Email UI to make viewing and organizing messages more efficient, allowing users to select one or more messages. Hardware acceleration. Support for multi-core processors. Ability to encrypt all user data. HTTPS stack improved with Server Name Indication SNI. Filesystem in Userspace FUSE; kernel module. Disallows applications from having to write access to secondary storage memory cards on devices with internal primary storage outside of designated, application-specific directories. Full access to primary internal storage is still allowed through a separate application-level permission. Android 3. May 10, . UI refinements. Connectivity for USB accessories USB On-The-Go.
Expanded Recent Applications list. Resizable Home screen widgets. Support for external keyboards and pointing devices. Support for joysticks and gamepads. Support for FLAC audio playback. Support for HTTP proxy for each connected Wi-Fi access point. July 15, . Improved hardware support, including optimizations for a wider range of tablets. Increased ability of applications to access files on the SD card, e. for synchronization. Compatibility display mode for applications that have not been optimized for tablet screen resolutions. New display support functions, giving developers more control over display appearance on different Android devices. Bug fixes and minor security, stability and Wi-Fi improvements. Update to Android Market with automatic updates and easier-to-read Terms and Conditions text. Update to Google Books. Improved Adobe Flash support in browser. Improved Chinese handwriting prediction.
Bug fixes and other minor improvements for the Motorola Xoom 4G. Fixed data connectivity issues when coming out of Airplane mode on the US 4G Motorola Xoom. October 18, . Major refinements to the "Holo" interface with the new Roboto font family. Soft buttons from Android 3. x are now available for use on phones. Separation of widgets in a new tab, listed in a similar manner to applications. Easier-to-create folders, with a drag-and-drop style. Improved visual voicemail with the ability to speed up or slow down voicemail messages. Pinch-to-zoom functionality in the Calendar. Integrated screenshot capture accomplished by holding down the Power and Volume-Down buttons. Improved error correction on the keyboard. Ability to access applications directly from the lock screen. Improved copy-and-paste functionality.
Better voice integration and continuous, real-time speech-to-text dictation. Face Unlock, a feature that allows users to unlock handsets using facial recognition software. Data Usage section in settings that lets users set warnings when they approach a certain usage limit, and disable data use when the limit is exceeded. Ability to shut down applications from the recent apps list with a swipe. Built-in photo editor. New gallery layout, organized by location and person. Refreshed the "People" application with social network integration, status updates and hi-res images. Android Beam , a near-field communication feature allowing the rapid short-range exchange of web bookmarks, contact info, directions, YouTube videos and other data. Android VPN Framework AVF , and TUN but not TAP kernel module.
Prior to 4. Android 4. Fixed minor bugs on the Verizon Galaxy Nexus, the US launch of which was later delayed until December December 16, . Numerous bug fixes and optimizations. Improvements to graphics, databases, spell-checking and Bluetooth functionality. New APIs for developers, including a social stream API in the Contacts provider. Calendar provider enhancements. New camera applications enhancing video stabilization and QVGA resolution. Accessibility refinements such as improved content access for screen readers. Stability improvements. Better camera performance. Smoother screen rotation. Improved phone number recognition. Smoother user interface: Vsync timing across all drawing and animation done by the Android framework, including application rendering, touch events, screen composition and display refresh.
Triple buffering in the graphics pipeline. CPU input boost. Synchronizing touch to vsync timing. Enhanced accessibility. Bi-directional text and other language support. User-installable keyboard maps. Expandable notifications. TLS v1. Ability to turn off notifications on an application-specific basis. Shortcuts and widgets can automatically be re-arranged or re-sized to allow new items to fit on home screens. Bluetooth data transfer for Android Beam. Tablets with smaller screens now use an expanded version of the interface layout and home screen used by phones.
Multichannel audio. USB audio for external sound DACs. July 9, . Fixed a bug on the Nexus 7 regarding the inability to change screen orientation in any application. October 9, . November 13, . Lock screen improvements, including widget support removed again in  and the ability to swipe directly to the camera. Rewritten Bluetooth stack , switching from Bluez to Broadcom open source BlueDroid ,  allowing improved support for multiple displays and wireless display Miracast. Native right-to-left , always-on VPN and application verification. Speech output and Gesture Mode navigation for blind users. This flexibility makes it easier to both validate your layout at design time and test the behavior at runtime, using the same reference devices.
To create a new resizable emulator, use the Device Manager in Android Studio to create a new virtual device and select the Resizable device definition in the Phone category. Android Generic System Image GSI binaries are available to developers for app testing and validation purposes on supported Treble-compliant devices. You can use these images to address any compatibility issues as well as discover and report OS and framework issues. See the GSI documentation for device requirements, flashing instructions, and information on choosing the right image type for your device. Once you're ready to download a GSI binary, see the Downloads section on the GSI binaries page. The Android 13 Beta for Android TV is provided through system images for the ADT-3 Developer Kit and the Android Emulator for TV. To learn about which changes might affect you, and to learn how to test these changes in your app, read the following topics:.
To learn more about new APIs and features available in Android 13, read Android 13 features. Content and code samples on this page are subject to the licenses described in the Content License. Platform Android Studio Google Play Jetpack Kotlin Docs Games. All Android releases Android Get your apps ready. Behavior changes for apps. New features and APIs. Reference updates. QPR2 Beta. Android Developers. You can get Android 13 in any of the following ways: Get Android 13 on a Google Pixel device Set up the Android Emulator Get a generic system image GSI Get Android 13 Beta for Android TV Get Android 13 on a Google Pixel device If you have a supported Google Pixel device, you can check and update your Android version to receive Android 13 over the air.
Android 13 OTAs and downloads are available for the following Pixel devices: Pixel 4a and 4a 5G Pixel 5 and 5a Pixel 6 and 6 Pro Pixel 6a Pixel 7 and 7 Pro Flash or manually install a system image Alternatively, if you'd rather flash your device, we recommend using the Android Flash Tool. Set up the Android Emulator Configuring the Android Emulator to run Android 13 is a great solution for exploring new features and APIs and testing Android 13 behavior changes. Depending on the type of testing you need to do, consider setting up a variety of virtual devices from these device categories: Phone Tablet or large-screen device TV Set up a virtual device phone To set up a virtual device to emulate a typical phone, follow these steps: Install Android Studio Chipmunk Set up a virtual device tablet or large-screen To set up a virtual device to emulate a tablet or other large-screen device, follow these steps: Install Android Studio Chipmunk Finalize other settings for your virtual device, then click Finish.
Resizable emulator In addition to large screen virtual devices that you can configure for Android 13, you can try the new resizable device configuration that's included in Android Studio Chipmunk Use the new resizable device definition for the Android Emulator to test Android 13 in a variety of large screen scenarios.
The version history of the Android mobile operating system began with the public release of the Android beta on November 5, The first commercial version, Android 1. The development of Android started in by Android, Inc. Both the operating system itself and the SDK were released along with their source code, as free software under the Apache License . The first public release of Android 1. The project manager, Ryan Gibson, conceived using a confectionery-themed naming scheme for public releases, starting with Android 1.
Google announced in August they were ending the confectionery theming scheme to use numerical ordering for future versions. In , Google announced that Google Play would begin to require apps to target a recent Android version. The following tables show the release dates and key features of all Android operating system updates to date, listed chronologically by their official application programming interface API levels. Lollipop features a redesigned user interface built around a responsive design language referred to as " material design ". Other changes include improvements to the notifications, which can be accessed from the lockscreen and displayed within applications as top-of-the-screen banners. Furthermore, Google made internal changes to the platform, with the Android Runtime ART officially replacing Dalvik for improved application performance, and with changes intended to improve and optimize battery usage, known internally as Project Volta.
The launch of Android 11 Beta was postponed from June 3, to June 10, Improvements specific for foldable phones, tablets, desktop-sized screens and Chromebooks, and modifications to the user interface to tailor it to larger screens. The main hardware platform for Android is the bit ARM architecture i. ARMv8-A ; previously the bit ARMv7 architecture was supported and first ARMv5 , with x86 [e] and MIPS [f] architectures also officially supported in later versions of Android, but MIPS support has since been deprecated and support was removed in NDK r Android 1. This was relaxed to a fixed-focus camera with Android 1. In , Android devices with Intel processors began to appear, including phones  and tablets. While gaining support for bit platforms, Android was first made to run on bit x86 and then on ARM Requirements for the minimum amount of RAM for devices running Android 7.
Some applications may explicitly require a certain version of the OpenGL ES, and suitable GPU hardware is required to run such applications. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. See also: Android software development. Old version. Older version, still maintained. Latest version. Latest preview version. Future release. See also: Android operating system § Hardware. Computer programming portal. The factory images for March and subsequent updates displays the version as Google acknowledged this problem and fixed it in late September. It also inadvertently reduced the NFC capabilities of the Nexus phone.
Bloomberg Businessweek. Archived from the original on February 27, Retrieved February 20, Android Police. June 12, January 2, Archived from the original on January 19, Retrieved January 5, Google Operating System. November 5, Archived from the original on September 30, Archived from the original on February 7, Retrieved February 8, November 12, Archived from the original on August 22, Android Developers. Archived from the original on March 3, Retrieved March 7, Ars Technica. Retrieved December 9, June 16, Archived from the original on March 10, Retrieved December 5, Android Open Source Project. Retrieved June 1, September 17, Archived from the original on August 25, August 22, Android Developers Blog. Retrieved June 30, Retrieved October 4, Neowin LLC. Retrieved December 15, The Verge.
Vox Media, LLC. Retrieved July 27, Google Developers. Retrieved March 31, Retrieved February 11, Retrieved October 5, Retrieved January 12, Archived from the original on October 16, Retrieved October 15, Retrieved June 28, Retrieved February 7, PC Magazine. Retrieved February 6, Android Authority. May 24, September 18, Android Source. Archived from the original on September 22, Retrieved September 15, February Archived from the original on February 21, Retrieved April 10, Archived from the original on September 25, Retrieved September 3, April Archived from the original on September 1, Retrieved October 23, Archived from the original on February 23, Retrieved December 24, September Archived from the original on April 30,
Web4/09/ · Download for Android Version number 10 of Android Elies Guzmán September 4, 9 / 10 Android has gone a step further in its overhaul with Android Web2/12/ · How To Download & Install Live NetTV APK On Android Device? Follow these simple & easily steps Is Given Below. For Android Users Open Google Play Store. Web13/06/ · Download Latest Android ISO File for Virtualization Software Downloads the latest Android ISO file from the below link. Features are available in the latest release Web6/12/ · Google Play Services (): Download the latest version for Android Knowing this, if you are only interested in using WhatsApp without major setbacks and WebAndroid 12 makes everything on your phone effortless and easy. You can get into gameplay without having to wait for a full download and even transfer your data onto a new Android phone without any hassle. Enhanced gaming Kick-start your gameplay. Spend WebAndroid 11 is the eleventh major version of the Android operating system. It was first announced by Google on February 19, , and the first developer preview released on ... read more
October 24, Official support for multiple SIM cards. Using advanced color extraction algorithms you can easily personalize the look and feel of your entire phone, including notifications, settings, widgets and even select apps. Ability to encrypt all user data. Android 10 is the tenth version of the most popular operating system in the world.Picture-in-picture support. Here we just list you the source to download the latest Android ISO file for Virtualization software. Multi-endpoint call support. TLS v1. Download Link: Download. The project manager, latest android version download, Ryan Gibson, conceived using a confectionery-themed naming scheme for public releases, starting with Android 1.